Side effects of psychopharmacotherapy in patients with the syndrome of dementia and the ways of its correction


The purpose of the study. Analysis of side effects of treatment with neuroleptics in patients with the syndrome of dementia of Alzheimer’s type. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the correction of side effects of treatment with neuroleptics with the additional use in the treatment of ethylmethylhydroxypiridine succinate (Mexidol®). Materials and methods. The study included 150 patients with Alzheimer’s disease with behavioral and psychotic disorders. The average duration of disease was 4.8 years. The average age of patients was 79,8±3,2 years. All patients received basic anti-dementia therapy for 2,6±1,4 years. Additionally patients were getting neuroleptic therapy within 4,2 ±1,2. The analysis of the character and intensity of the newly appeared side effects was based on the complaints of the relatives who were taking care e of patients and results of neurological examination. The comparative analysis of effectiveness of dose=reduction correction of side effects of neuroleptics was performed in two groups of patients. In the main group (n=76) the therapy included of Mexidol® 5,0–10,0 ml (250–500 mg), by parenteral route, No. 10–15. In the control group (n=74) the medicine was not administered. Evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment was based on a scale of Global Clinical Impression (CGI-I) after treatment. The results and conclusion. Side effects associated with neuroleptic therapy included the following most frequent and early appearing: reversible extrapyramidal disturbances such as akathisia and parkinsonism. They disappeared with a dose reduction of the antipsychotic medicine. While choosing pharmacotherapy it’s necessary to give preference to low doses of atypical neuroleptics. Additional parenteral therapy with ethylmethylhydroxypiridine succinate (Mexidol®) 5,0–10,0 ml (250–500 mg) No. 10–15 effectively (p<0,05) provides a more rapid reduction of side effects from neuroleptic therapy.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s Disease, dementia, psychotic symptoms, antipsychotics, Mexidol®.