The assessment of the clinical efficacy, vasoactive and metabolic effects of mexidol in elderly patients with discirculatory encephalopathy


Forty patients, aged from 55 to 74 years, with chronic cerebral ischemia — discirculatory encephalopathy, stages I—II, against the background of arterial hypertension and atherosclerosis were studied. Patients were randomized into 2 equal groups. Patients of the main group received the antioxidant mexidol intramuscular in dose 100 mg during the first 10 days and then perorally in dose 125 mg three times a day during 20 days in the combination with the regular treatment (diroton in dose 5-20 mg daily, cardiomagnyl in dose 75 mg daily). Patients of the control group received regular treatment during 30 days. The efficacy was evaluated at baseline, on the 10th and 30th days after the treatment using clinical scales (the number of complaints, neurological deficit, cognitive and emotional disorders), parameters of cerebral hemodynamics measured with transcranial duplex scanning, laboratory indices of the state of oxidant and antioxidant systems (the content of malonic dialdehyde and superoxide dismutase in the blood plasma as well as the plasma total antioxidant activity). The statistically significant (p<0.05-0.01) reduction in the severity of asthenic and anxiety disorders, the improvement of static-locomotor and cognitive functions as well as of parameters of cerebral hemodynamics due to the decrease in the peripheral vascular resistance and the normalization of venous outflow from the cavity of scull was seen in patients treated with mexidol compared to the baseline and the control group. Mexidol significantly reduced the intensity of lipid peroxidation and increase the total antioxidant activity of the blood. The results obtained in the study allow to consider mexidol as the effective drug in the complex treatment of discirculatory encephalopathy in elderly patients.

Keywords: chronic cerebral ischemia, discirculatory encephalopathy, antioxidants, neuroprotectors, mexidol.